This exhibition presents the history of the legendary record label created in Porto in 1956 by Arnaldo Trindade.
Under the curatorship of José Bártolo, the exhibition tells the history of this legendary record label that was created in Porto in 1956 by Arnaldo Trindade.
Beginning his activity with the release of vinyl recordings of great figures of Portuguese literature, such as Miguel Torga, José Régio, Eugénio de Andrade or Sophia de Mello Breyner, on records whose sleeves by the painter Moreira Azevedo were particularly remarkable for their modernity. ORFEU soon began to establish a unique identity in its musical catalogue, both innovative and diversified, justifying its long-held motto Disco é Cultura [The Disc is Culture].
New musicians were launched at a dizzying pace - recording on average one disc per week. It was at ORFEU that Adriano Correia de Oliveira issued all of his work and José Afonso recorded some of his best works, such as Traz Outro Amigo Também (1970) and Cantigas do Maio (1971). Sérgio Godinho’s essential albums Pano-Cru (1978) and Campolide (1979) or 10.000 Anos Depois entre Vénus e Marte (1978) by José Cid were also issued on the ORFEU label, as well as a number of unforgettable albums by Fausto or Luís Cília. The Titãs and Pop Five Music Incorporated worked at ORFEU alongside the popular music of the Maria Albertina and António Mafra groups, in an undoubted sign of cultural diversity.
The exhibition is structured along five main cores: No Início era o Verbo (1956-1959); Trovas do Vento que Passa (1960-1967); Vozes da Revolução (1968-1975); Entre Vénus e Marte (1976-1979); O Fim da Aventura (1980-1983).
The research work coordinated by José Bártolo, in liaison with Arnaldo Trindade and Noly Trindade and the technical participation of João Carlos Callixto, Carlos Paes, João Pedro Rocha and Heitor Vasconcelos, made it possible to gather and present the main ORFEU record sleeves and a mass of documentary material (graphic, phonographic and video), some of it unpublished. Visitors will have the opportunity to see many documents about ORFEU, from the first contract between José Afonso and ORFEU to the original artwork of the cover of his album Coro dos Tribunais.
As this is a Casa do Design exhibition, the graphic component of the album sleeves deserves special attention (with highlights to those by designers such as José Santa-Bárbara, Fernando Aroso, José Brandão, José Luís Tinoco or Alberto Lopes) as well as the importance of the photographers, from whom Fernando Aroso, who photographed hundreds of albums edited under the unmistakable ORFEU label, stands out, among many others (Eduardo Gageiro, Álvaro João, Nick Boothman, João Paulo Sotto Mayor or Ullmann).
A parallel programme alongside the exhibition itself brings together various ORFEU artists, collectors and musicologists.
José Bartolo is a curator, teacher and design critic based in Porto. He has worked as an independent curator since 1998. He was the commissioner of Portugal Pavilion in the 21st Milan Triennale (2015) and curator of the Duets exhibition at the Beijing World Art Museum (2014). In 2015 he was invited by the Government of Portugal to be the curator of the exhibition to commemorate the 40 years of the 25th April revolution. He curated numerous exhibitions and he regularly publishes on design.
Passage from an interview with José Afonso, 1984 – RTP Archives, José Afonso Association
Estranha Forma de Vida: Uma História da Música Popular Portuguesa [Strange Way of Life: A History of Portuguese Popular Music], by Pedro Serra – 6th episode, 2011, RTP1
Estranha Forma de Vida: Uma História da Música Popular Portuguesa [Strange Way of Life: A History of Portuguese Popular Music], by Pedro Serra – 12nd episode, 2011, RTP1
Estranha Forma de Vida: Uma História da Música Popular Portuguesa [Strange Way of Life: A History of Portuguese Popular Music], by Pedro Serra – 14th episode, 2011, RTP1
Documentary A Cantiga Era uma Arma [A song was a weapon], by Joaquim Vieira , 2014, RTP2
Documentary Música em Pó [Powdered Music], by Eduardo Morais, 2013
José Afonso, Com as minhas Tamanquinhas
Cover by João Azevedo
Tristão da Silva
Shegundo Galarza interpreta êxitos de José Cid
Antologia da Poesia Portuguesa, José Régio
Cover by Moreira de Azevedo
Cover by Fernando Aroso
Banda dos Mineiros do Pejão
Cover by Fernando Aroso
General overview of the exhibition.
General overview of the exhibition.
DISCOS ORFEU (1956-1983) — Imagens/Palavras/Sons
Matosinhos City Council; esad—idea, Research in Design and Art
Bárbara Araújo, Sara Pinheiro
José Bártolo, João Carlos Callixto, João Pedro Rocha, Noly Trindade
João Cruz, João Lemos
Sofia Meira, Susana Carreiras, Tomás Lobo
Alexandre Barbosa, Filipe Pinto, José Castro
Image and Sound
Ana Pinto, Inês Leal, Rui Caldas
Diogo Vilar, Hugo Branco, Diogo Terremoto
Seleção e Empréstimo de Obras
Álvaro Azevedo, Arnaldo Trindade, Carlos Paes, Fernando Aroso, Heitor Vasconcelos, Isabel Motta, João Carlos Callixto, João Pedro Rocha, José Bártolo, José Brandão, Leonor Losa, Noly Trindade, Pedro Lima, Rodrigo Affreixo, Sergio Crivelli
Arnaldo Trindade, Eduardo Morais, Fernando Aroso, Jaime Fernandes, João Carlos Callixto, Joaquim Vieira, Paulo Paiva, Pedro Serra, Viriato Teles
Casa da Arquitectura; Niepoort
Matosinhos City Council
Clarisse Castro, Maria José Rodrigues
Casa do Design
Casa do Bosque — Education Services
Ana Paula Costa, Fernanda Pinho, Rute Alves
Communication and Public Relations
esad—idea, Research in Design and Art
Albano Lemos Pires, Diogo Vilar, João Lemos, José Bártolo, Sérgio Afonso
Inês Nepomuceno, Susana Carreiras, Tomás Lobo
Arnaldo Trindade, Eduardo Pinheiro, Fausto Bordalo Dias, Fernando Rocha, João Carlos Callixto, José Bártolo, Vitorino
Inês Nepomuceno, Susana Carreiras
Risografia, Sofia Meira — ESAD/Escola Superior de Artes e Design